Featured Publications

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Identifying Opportunities to Decrease Vehicle Occupant Fatalities

Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Korbelak, K. T., Fauchier, C. M. & Zhang, J. (2017, July). Identifying opportunities to decrease vehicle occupant fatalities. (Report No. DOT HS 812 435). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Evaluation of the Updated Risk Awareness and Perception Training Program for Young Drivers

Thomas, F. D., Korbelak, K. T., Divekar, G. U., Blomberg, R. D, Romoser, M. R. E. & Fisher, D. L. (2017, March). Evaluation of an updated version of the risk awareness and perception training program for young drivers. (Report No. DOT HS 812 379). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Expanding the Seat Belt Program Strategies Toolbox: A Starter Kit for Trying New Program Ideas

Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Korbelak, K. T., & Fauchier, C. M. (2016, October). Expanding the seat belt program strategies toolbox: A starter kit for trying new program ideas. (Report No. DOT HS 812 341). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Evaluation of Kansas and Missouri Rural Seat Belt Demonstrations

 Thomas, F. D., & Blomberg, R. D. (2016, April). Evaluation of Kansas and Missouri rural seat belt demonstrations (Report No. DOT HS 812 268). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.  

Evaluation the of Washington State Target Zero Teams Project

 Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Masten, S. V., Cicchino, J., Tippets, A. S., Korbelak, K. T., Fell, J. C., & Lacey, J. H. (2015, January). Evaluation the of Washington State Target Zero Teams project. (DOT HS 812 097). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 

The Long Beach/Fort Lauderdale Relative Risk Study

Blomberg, R.D., Peck, R.C., Moskowitz, H. Burns, M. & Fiorentino, D. (2009). The Long Beach/Fort Lauderdale relative risk study. Journal of Safety Research 40 (2009) 285-292.


http://www.dunlapandassociatesinc.com/crashriskofalcoholinvolveddriving.pdf

Selected Publications

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Thomas, F.D., Dickerson, A.E., Graham, L.A., Coleman, M.C., Finstad, K.A., Blomberg, R.D., & Wright, T.J. (2020) Teaching older drivers to navigate GPS technology, Journal of Safety Research, 72(1), 165-171.


Graham, L.A., Darrah, J.R. & Thomas, F.D. (2020). Older Driver Licensing Policies and Practices Database Update. Washington, D.C.: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.


Thomas, F. D., Graham, L. A., Wright, T. J., Almeida, R., Blomberg, R. D., & Benlemlih, M.

(2019, December). Characterizing ambulance driver training in EMS systems (Report No. DOT HS 812 862). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Richard, C. R., Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Brown, J. L., Wright, T., Graham, L., Lee, J., & Landgraf, A. (2019, November). Characteristics and predictors of occasional seat belt use using Strategic Highway Research Program 2 data (Report No. DOT HS 812 840). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Thomas, F. D., Dickerson, A. E., Blomberg, R. D., Graham, L. A., Wright, T. J., Finstad, K. A., & Romoser, M. E. (2018, June). Older drivers and navigation devices (Report No. DOT HS 812 587). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Romano, E., Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., & Ramirez, A. (2018, April). Feasibility of modeling the relationship between seat belt program inputs and outcomes. (Report No. DOT HS 812 524). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Korbelak, K. T., Fauchier, C. M. & Zhang, J. (2017, July). Identifying opportunities to decrease vehicle occupant fatalities. (Report No.

DOT HS 812 435). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D. (1992, March) Lower BAC Limits for Youth: Evaluation of the Maryland .02 Law. (Report No. DOT HS 807 860). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D. School bus information systems. School Bus Fleet, October/November 1970, 15(5), 8-12.Blomberg, R.D., Bishop, E.W. & Edwards, J.M. (1991, April). Increasing Safety Belt Use by High Risk Drivers. (Report No. DOT HS 807 742). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D., Bishop, E.W., Hamilton, J.W. & Custer, R.L.P. Technology Assessment for Aircraft Command in Emergency Situations. FAA Report No. DA88-1, September 30, 1988. Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Norwalk, Connecticut.


Blomberg, R.D., Bishop, E.W. & Hamilton, J.W. (1995). Evaluation of Prototype Instrument Approach Procedure Charts, Contract No. DTRS-57-89-D-00086/RA 1024, Office of Aviation Research, Washington, DC 20591. DOT/FAA/95/44. DOT-VNTSC-FAA-95-24.


Blomberg, R.D., & Cleven, A.M. (2000, July). Development, Implementation and Evaluation of a Countermeasure Program for Alcohol-Involved Pedestrian Crashes. (Report No. DOT HS 809 067). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D. & Cleven, A.M. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of a Pedestrian Safety Zone for Elderly Pedestrians. Final report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Contract No. DTNH22-90-C-07223, February 1998, Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Stamford, CT. Report No. DOT HS 808 692.


Blomberg, R.D. & Cleven, A M. Field Test of Heed the Speed, a Novel Speed Reducing Program in Residential Neighborhoods. Final report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Contract No. DTNH22-99-C-05099, August 2006, Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Stamford, CT. Report No. DOT HS 810 648 (available at www.NHTSA.gov).


Blomberg, R. D., Wright, T. J., & Thomas, F. D. (2019, June). DWI history of fatally injured pedestrians (Report No. DOT HS 812 748). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Joyce, J., Lococo, K. H., Gish, K. W., Mastromatto, T., Stutts, J., Thomas, D., & Blomberg, R. (2018, April). Older driver compliance with license restrictions (Report No. DOT HS 812 486). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D., Cleven, A M., Thomas, F.D. & Peck, R.C. (2008, August). Evaluation of the Safety Benefits of Safe Routes to School Programs. Final report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Contract No. DTNH22-02-D-25121, Task Order 2, Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Stamford, CT. Report No. DOT HS 811 013 (available at www.NHTSA.gov).


Blomberg, R.D., Fell, J.C. & Anderson, T.E. (1979) A Comparison of Alcohol Involvement in Pedestrians and Pedestrian Casualties. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference American Association for Automotive Medicine, 1979, 23, 1-17. (Won award as best paper and best presentation of the year).


Blomberg, R.D., Hale, A. & Kearney, E. (1974). The Development of Model Regulations for Pedestrian Safety. Final Report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS-801 287.


Blomberg, R.D., Hale, A. & Preusser, D.F. (1984). Conspicuity for Pedestrians and Bicyclists: Definition of the Problem, Development and Test of Countermeasures. Final Report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS-806 563.


Blomberg, R.D., Hamilton, J.W., Bassin, B.J., Fouillot, J.P. and Speyer, J.J. Workload and Vigilance: Are They Related? Presentation at a conference entitled Long-Haul Flights: Crew Work and Rest Periods held in Paris June 14-15, 1994 and sponsored by La Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile and Le Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Appliquée, Université René Descartes.


Blomberg, R.D., Korbelak, K.T., Lardner, M.D. & Cleven, A.M. Evaluation of Five Years of GM Funding for Public Information and Education Programs Under a Settlement Agreement with DOT. Final report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, August 2008, Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Stamford, CT. Report No. DOT HS 811 224 (available at www.NHTSA.gov). 

  

Blomberg, R.D., Peck, R.C., Moskowitz, H. Burns, M. & Fiorentino, D. (2009). The Long Beach/Fort Lauderdale relative risk study. Journal of Safety Research 40 (2009) 285-292.


Blomberg, R.D., Peck, R.C., Moskowitz, H. Burns, M. & Fiorentino, D. Crash Risk of Alcohol Involved Driving. Final report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Contract No. DTNH22-94-C-05001. September 2005, Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Stamford, CT. Available at http://dunlapandassociatesinc.com/crashriskofalcoholinvolveddriving.pdf.


Blomberg, R.D. & Preusser, D.F. Narcotic use and driving behavior. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1974, 6, 23-32.

Blomberg, R.D., Preusser, D.F., Hale, A. & Leaf, W.A. (November, 1983). Experimental Field Test of Proposed Pedestrian Safety Messages. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Contract No. DOT-HS-4-00952, 3 Vols. 


Blomberg, R.D., Preusser, D.F., Hale, A. & Ulmer, R.G. (1979, October). A Comparison of Alcohol Involvement in Pedestrians and Pedestrian Casualties. (Report No. DOT HS 805 249). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D., Preusser, D.F., & Ulmer R.G. (1987, June). Deterrent Effects of Mandatory Suspension for DWI Conviction. (Report No. DOT HS 807 138). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R.D., Schwartz, A.L., Speyer, J.J., and Fouillot, J.P. Application of the Airbus Workload Model to the Study of Errors and Automation. Paper presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Vigilance and Performance in Automatized Systems, Paris, September 19-23, 1988. Published in: A. Coblentz (ed.), Vigilance and Performance in Automatized Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, 1989. Also included in the proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Aviation and Space Safety, Toulouse, September 20-22, 1988.


Blomberg, R.D., Thomas, F.D., & Cleven, A.M. (March 2009). Innovative Seat Belt Demonstration Programs in Kentucky, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Wyoming. Final Report. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS 811 080.


Blomberg, R.D., Thomas, F.D. & Cleven, A M. Increasing Seat Belt Use Through State-Level Demonstration Projects: A Compendium of Initial Findings. Final report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, August 2008, Dunlap and Associates, Inc., Stamford, CT. Report No. DOT HS 811 014 (available at www.NHTSA.gov).


Blomberg, R. D, Thomas, F. D., Long, W., Sifrit, K. J., & Korbelak, K. T. (2014, September). BAC and crash responsibility of injured older drivers: An analysis of trauma center data. (Report No. DOT HS 812 062). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R. D., Thomas III, F. D., & Marziani, B. J. (2012, July). Demonstration and Evaluation of the Heed the Speed Pedestrian Safety Program (Report No. DOT HS 811 515). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R. D, Thomas, F. D., Rodgers, C. (2009, July). Feasibility Assessment of a Field Test of an In-Vehicle Driver Monitor (IVDM). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Blomberg, R. D., Van Houten, R., Thomas, F. D., Korbelak, K. T. & Hilton, B. W. (2015, December). Automated feedback to foster safe driving in young drivers, Phase 2. (Report No. DOT HS 812 230). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Cleven, A.M. & Blomberg, R.D. (2007, July). A Compendium of NHTSA Pedestrian and Bicyclist Research Projects: 1969 – 2007. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 810 793.


Cleven, A.M. & Blomberg, R.D. Development and evaluation of a pedestrian safety training program for elementary school bus riders. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 808 267, 1994.


Fouillot, J.P., Tekaia, F, Blomberg, R.D., Benaoudia, M. and Speyer, J.J. Etude de la Variabilité Cardiaque de Pilotes D'Airbus (Heart Rate Variability of Airbus Aircrews). Paper presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Vigilance and Performance in Automatized Systems, Paris, September 19-23, 1988. Published in: A. Coblentz (ed.), Vigilance and Performance in Automatized Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, 1989.


Hale, A., Blomberg, R.D. & Preusser, D.F. (1978). Experimental Field Test of the Model Ice Cream Truck Ordinance in Detroit. Final Report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Contract No. DOT-HS-5-01144. Available NTIS. 


Lund, A.K., Preusser, D.F., Blomberg, R.D. & Williams, A.F. Drug use by tractor-trailer drivers. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 1988, 33(3), 648-661.


Masten, S. V., Thomas, F. D., Korbelak, K. T., Peck, R. C., & Blomberg, R. D. (2015, November). Meta-analysis of graduated driver licensing laws. (Report No. DOT HS 812 211). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Nerup, P., Salzberg, P., VanDyk, J., Porter, L., Blomberg, R., Thomas, F.D., & Cosgrove, L. (2006). Ticketing Aggressive Cars and Trucks in Washington State: High Visibility Enforcement Applied to Share the Road Safely. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. . DOT HS 810-603.


Pradhan, A.K., Divekar, G., Masserang, K., Romoser, M., Zafian, T., Blomberg, R.D., Thomas, F. D., Reagan, I., Knodler, M., Pollatsek, A., & Fisher, D.L. (2011): The effects of focused attention training on the duration of novice drivers' glances inside the vehicle, Ergonomics, 54:10, 917-931.


Preusser, D.F. & Blomberg, R.D. Pedestrians and Alcohol. Abstracts and Reviews in Alcohol and Driving. Alcohol Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles, 1981, 2 (1) 6-10.

  

Thomas, F.D., Blomberg, R.D., & Fisher, D.L. (2012, April). A Fresh Look at Driver Education in America. (Report No. DOT HS 811 543). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Knodler, M., & Matthew R.E. Romoser, M. R. E. (2013, September). Licensing procedures for older drivers. (Report No. DOT HS 811 833). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  

Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Korbelak, K., Stutts, J., Wilkins, J., Lonero, L., Clinton, K., & Black, D. (2012, April). Examination of supplemental driver training and

online basic driver education. (Report No. DOT HS 811 609). Washington, DC: National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  

Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., Peck, R.C., Cosgrove, L.A. & Salzberg, P.M. (2008). Applying High Visibility Enforcement to Passenger Vehicles Interacting With Commercial Vehicles. Journal of Safety Research. 29 (459-468).


Thomas, F.D., Blomberg, R.D. & Van Dyk, J. (2010, December). Evaluation of the First Year of the Washington Nighttime Seat Belt Enforcement Program. (Report No. DOT HS 811 295) Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  

Thomas, F.D., Pollatsek, S., Pradhan, A., Divekar, G., Blomberg, R.D., Reagan, I. and Fisher, D. (2011). Field and Simulator Evaluations of a PC-based Attention Maintenance Training Program. (Report No. DOT HS 811 469). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Wright, T. J., Agrawal, R., Samuel, S., Wang, Y., Zilberstein, S., & Fisher, D. L. (in revision). What type of cues best accelerate transfer of control during conditional automation from the vehicle to the driver? Accident, Analysis, & Prevention.


Wright, T. J., Blomberg, R.D., & Thomas, F.D. (submitted). Re-examination of Bicycle/Motor Vehicle Crash Typologies (Report No. DOT HS xxx xxx). National Highway  Traffic Safety Administration.


Wright, T. J., Svancara, A., Horrey, W. J. (2017). An initial review of the instructional and operational variability among automated systems in passenger vehicles. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting.


Wright, T, J., Horrey, W. J., & Lombardi, D. A. (2017). A preliminary examination of age-related differences in perceived complexity at fatal-crash intersections. In Proceedings of the Ninth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design. 


Agrawal, R., Wright, T. J., Samuel, S., Zilberstein, S., Fisher, D. L. (2017, Accepted). The effects of a change in environment on the minimum time to situation awareness in transfer of control scenarios. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board.


Wright, T. J., Agrawal, R., Samuel S., Wang, Y., Zilberstein, S., Fisher, D. L. (2017, Accepted). The effects of alert cue specificity on situation awareness in transfers of control in Level 3 automation. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board.

Stothart, C., Boot, W., Simons, D., Charness, N., & Wright, T.J. (2016). Age effects on inattentional blindness: Implications for driving. In International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population (pp. 441-448). Springer International Publishing. 


Wright, T. J., Horrey, W. J., Lesch, M. F., & Rahman, M. M. (2016). Drivers’ trust in an autonomous system: Exploring a covert video-based measure of trust. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 1334-1338). SAGE Publications. 


Wright, T. J., Samuel, S., Borowsky, A., Zilberstein, S., & Fisher, D. L. (2016). Experienced drivers are quicker to achieve situation awareness than inexperienced drivers in situations of transfer of control within a Level 3 autonomous environment. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 270-273). SAGE Publications. 


Wright, T. J., Vitale, T., Boot, W. R., & Charness, N. (2015). The impact of red light running camera flashes on younger and older drivers’ attention and oculomotor control. Psychology and Aging, 30(4), 755-767. 


Sall, R. J., Wright, T. J., & Boot, W. R. (2014). Driven to distraction? The effect of simulated red light running camera flashes on attention and oculomotor control. Visual Cognition, 22(1), 57-73.

  

Thomas, F.D., Graham, L.A., Wright, T.J., Almeida, R., Blomberg, R.D. & Benlemlih, M. (Under Review). Characterizing Ambulance Driver Training in EMS Systems (Report No. DOT HS xxx xxx). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 


Thomas, F.D., Graham, L.A., Blomberg, R.D., Wright, T.J., Fell, J.C., & Shields, G. (Under Review). Identifying the At Risk and Hard to Reach Populations for Occupant Protection Interventions (Report No. DOT HS xxx xxx). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Manuscript under review.


Thomas, F.D., Graham, L.A., Finstad, K.A., Wright, T.J., Blomberg, R.D., Lococco, K., Gish, K., Staplin, L., Stutts, J., Wilkins, J., & Crompton, C. (Under Review). Older Drivers’ Self-regulation and Exposure (Report No. DOT HS xxx xxx). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Manuscript under review.


McDonald, D., Shellman, J., Graham, L., & Harrison, L. (2016). The relationship between reminiscence functions, optimism, depressive symptoms, physical activity and pain in older adults. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 9(5), 223-231.